Neil
Neil
Treat your password like your toothbrush. Don’t let anybody else use it, and get a new one every six months.

How to Use Salt on Centos 8

Introduction

The how to use Salt centos 8 system is a Python-based, open-source remote execution framework for configuration management, automation, provisioning, and orchestration. Salt delivers a dynamic communication bus for infrastructure to leverage in:

  • Remote execution.
  • Configuration management.
  • Automation and orchestration.

Salt supports the Infrastructure as Code approach to deployment and data center management.

Remote management Salt usage

Running commands on remote systems is the core function of Salt. Salt can execute multiple commands across thousands of systems in seconds with a single execution.

Configuration management

The Salt configuration management system is based on storing all configuration or “state” data inside an easily understood data structure. The concept behind the State system is:

  • Simple – easy to administer and manage.
  • Extensible – easy to add custom modules or extend existing states.
  • Deterministic – executes, in the same way, every time.
  • Layerable – provides layers of data abstraction (such as states calling execution modules).

Automation and orchestration Salt usage

Executing remote management and configuration on a system is perfect when you want to ensure that it is configured and running the way you want. Sometimes, however, you want to configure several systems at once. For example, if you’re going to set up a load balancer in front of a cluster of web servers, you can ensure the load balancer is set up first. You can then consistently apply the same matching configuration across the whole group, known as orchestration.

Salt Project repository configuration Salt usage

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Salt Project provides a public repository for packages at the Salt Project Package Repo.

The preferred method for installing Salt is via distribution packages, which ensures that all dependencies are met and that Salt is installed in a tested and distribution-aligned way. Salt is often distributed in split packages, but only salt-master and salt-minion are required for Salt to function.

We will perform both the push and the pull mechanisms for applying states to minions

Check if the minion has got automatically signed by the master:

[root@master8 ~]# salt-key accepted
Accepted Keys:
master8.unixcop.com
worker1.unixcop.com
worker2.unixcop.com
Denied Keys:
Unaccepted Keys:
Rejected Keys:
[root@master8 ~]#

The communication between the master and the minion can be checked with a couple of commands:

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[root@master8 ~]# salt '*' test.ping
worker1.unixcop.com:
    True
worker2.unixcop.com:
    True
master8.unixcop.com:
    True
[root@master8 ~]# salt 'worker*' grains.items
worker2.unixcop.com:
    ----------
    biosreleasedate:
        12/01/2006
    biosversion:
        VirtualBox
    cpu_flags:
        - fpu
        - vme
        - de
        - pse
        - tsc
        - msr
        - pae
        - mce
        - cx8
        - apic
        - sep
        - mtrr
        - pge
        - mca
        - cmov
        - pat
.......................
       - arch_capabilities
    cpu_model:
        Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-10750H CPU @ 2.60GHz
    cpuarch:
        x86_64
    cwd:
        /
    disks:
        - sda
    dns:
        ----------
        domain:
        ip4_nameservers:
            - 10.0.2.3
        ip6_nameservers:
        nameservers:
            - 10.0.2.3
        options:
        search:
            - unixcop.com
  sortlist:
    domain:
        unixcop.com
    efi:
        False
    efi-secure-boot:
        False
    environment:
        development
    fqdn:
        worker28.unixcop.com
    fqdn_ip4:
        - 192.168.56.203

Applying states using the push mechanism from master to minion

States can be applied from master to minion as follows:

[root@master8 ~]# salt 'salt-minion' state.sls user \
saltenv=development
salt-minion:
----------
ID: generic_user
Function: user.present
Function: user.present
Name: neil
Result: True
Comment: New user neil created
Changes:
----------
fullname:
gid:
1001
groups:
- neil
home:
/home/neil
homephone:
name:
neil
passwd:
x
password:
$1$PG1inys0$kB2I83KzEVzVs9G7xLHjA1
roomnumber:
shell:
/bin/bash
uid:
1001
workphone:
Summary
------------
Succeeded: 1
Failed: 0
------------
Total: 1

So, you know how to use Salt on Centos

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