Angelo
Angelo
I am Angelo. A systems engineer passionate about Linux and all open-source software. Although here I'm just another member of the family.

How to install Neos CMS on Ubuntu 22.04

Hello, friends. In this post, you will learn how to install Neos CMS on Ubuntu 22.04 step by step using Apache as a web server.

Neos CMS is a web application that allows us to deploy a website. However, unlike others, Neos CMS allows you to do it from a comfortable web interface as if it were a design.

So Neos CMS is simple to use and also has a powerful documentation, so you do not miss anything.

It is open source, and you can see its source code and as it is created with PHP you can install it on any supported server.

Let’s get started.

Install Neos CMS on Ubuntu 22.04

- Advertisement -

The process is easy, but we have to execute several commands

Previous steps

First, open your server and update it

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade -y

Now install some packages needed for the tutorial

sudo apt install git curl
- Advertisement -

With this, we will be able to install LAMP on Ubuntu 22.04

Installing LAMP on Ubuntu 22.04

Deploying LAMP is easy because the packages are immersed in the official repositories.

So, run this command to install Apache and PHP.

sudo apt install apache2 mariadb-server php8.1 php8.1-cli php8.1-common php8.1-imap php8.1-redis php8.1-snmp php8.1-xml php8.1-zip php8.1-mbstring php8.1-curl libapache2-mod-php php8.1-mysql php-gd php-imagick php8.1-mysql php-gd php-imagick

There are not only Apache, and PHP, but also the modules required by Neos CMS are installed.

Then, install MariaDB and configure it.

How to install MariaDB on Ubuntu 22.04

After you have done these steps, you can continue.

Creating a new database for Neos CMS

The next step is to create a new database and a new user for Neo CMS

sudo mysql -u root -p

And start with the database:

CREATE DATABASE neodb;

Then, for the user and his password

CREATE USER 'neodb'@'localhost';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON neodb.* TO 'neodb'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'pass';

And end the process

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Remember that you can change all the names to whatever you want.

Install Composer on Ubuntu 22.04

The installation of Composer is simple and just boils down to this command:

curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | sudo php -- --install-dir=/usr/bin --filename=composer

Once the installation has finished, check if it was successful by running

composer

If you get information about composer, then everything went well.

Install Neos CMS on Ubuntu 22.04

Now we can start the installation. Go to the Apache2 root address and delete the index.html file. You can even back it up.

cd /var/www/html/
sudo rm index.html

Now with git download Neos CMS

sudo git clone https://github.com/neos/neos-base-distribution.git .

And proceed with the installation

sudo composer install

When finished, change the owner of the folder

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/

Then the appropriate permissions

sudo find . -type d -exec chmod 755 {} ;
sudo find . -type f -exec chmod 644 {} {};

Now access the development configuration directory

cd /var/www/html/Configuration/Development

Rename the sample configuration file to your own

sudo mv Settings.yaml.example Settings.yaml

Now edit the configuration file to add the database credentials

sudo nano Settings.yaml

It will look like this

backendOptions:
    dbname: 'neodb
    user: 'neodb
    password: 'pass'
Configuring the app before using it
Configuring the app before using it

Save the changes and close the editor. Do the same with the production configuration.

cd /var/www/html/Configuration/Production
sudo mv Settings.yaml.example Settings.yaml
sudo nano Settings.yaml

And again, use the credentials of the database

backendOptions:
    dbname: 'neodb'
    user: 'neodb
    password: 'pass'

Save the changes and close the editor.

The next step is to create a new virtualhost for Neo CMS

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/neo.conf

Add this sample configuration:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerName neo.unixcop.com
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/Web

<Directory /var/www/html/Web>
AllowOverride All
</Directory>

ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

<Directory /var/www/html/Web/>
            RewriteEngine on
            RewriteBase /
            RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
            RewriteRule ^(.*) index.php [PT,L]
</Directory>

</VirtualHost>

Replace ServerName with your domain. And then close the editor after saving the changes.

Enable the new configuration and the rewrite module.

sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo a2ensite neo.conf

Apply the changes by restarting Apache

sudo systemctl reload apache2.service

Completing the installation

The next step is to complete the installation via the web. Go to http://your-server to login. When you do, you will see the welcome screen.

Neo CMS welcome screen
Neos CMS welcome screen

Then, for security, you will have to enter a default password that is generated automatically.

Security password
Security password
cat /var/www/html/Data/SetupPassword.txt

Enter it to continue. Next, you will see the screen where the requirements are checked.

Requirements check
Requirements check

Then the database connection

Database setup
Database setup

Then, you have to create the admin user

Creating the admin user
Creating the admin user

And as such the new site with the template.

Creating the new site on Neos CMS
Creating the new site on Neos CMS

Finally, you will see a screen with the links corresponding to the backend and frontend

Installation complete
Installation complete

In the case of the backend, you will see this login screen

Neos CMS backend login screen
Neos CMS backend login screen

Finally, the backend where you can start working.

Neos CMS on Ubuntu 22.04
Neos CMS on Ubuntu 22.04

Conclusion

In this post, you learned how to install Neos CMS on Ubuntu 22.04 step by step. It is worth trying it.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest articles

Join us on Facebook