Ruby on Rails® is an open-source web framework written in Ruby. It helps you create highly powerful web sites and appls.
Rails is released under MIT license.
So this guide will help you to install Ruby on Rails on CentOS / RHEL 8.
Just follow these steps:
- Enable EPEL repo to get dependent packages and install the development packages.
dnf install readline readline-devel libffi-devel autoconf automake libtool openssl-devel make bzip2 bison gcc-c++ curl sqlite-devel git-core zlib zlib-devel patch -y
Install the latest version of nodejs which is 16.x
To install the node js.
- Just run these commands below.
curl -sL https://rpm.nodesource.com/setup_16.x | bash - dnf install -y nodejs
- Verify that the Node.js has been installed.
- Also to install the Yarn package manager with running commands below:
[root@unixcop ~]# curl -sL https://dl.yarnpkg.com/rpm/yarn.repo | sudo tee /etc/yum.repos.d/yarn.repo [yarn] name=Yarn Repository baseurl=https://dl.yarnpkg.com/rpm/ enabled=1 gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=https://dl.yarnpkg.com/rpm/pubkey.gpg [root@unixcop ~]#
Also we have illustrated how to install Ruby with three different ways in this Ruby Installation Guide.
Just choose a way to install Ruby (rbenv method recommended).
- After installation is done, check the Ruby version:
The Installation the bundler
- Install the bundler with gem as shown in command below:
[root@unixcop ~]# gem install bundler Fetching bundler-2.2.28.gem Successfully installed bundler-2.2.28 Parsing documentation for bundler-2.2.28 Installing ri documentation for bundler-2.2.28 Done installing documentation for bundler after 4 seconds 1 gem installed [root@unixcop ~]#
- We will install latest version of Rails v220.127.116.11 with :
gem install rails
- Verify the Rails version.
Add Rails listen port in Firewall
Ruby on Rails listens on port 3000. It’s the default port for Rails
- So, Allow 3000/TCP in firewall.
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=3000/tcp firewall-cmd --reload
Create a Test Application
Now Create your own test application with MariaDB support to test it out.
- Install Database
Note: Rails comes with sqlite3 as the default database, which is not recommended to use in a production environment.
- So Install and use MariaDB as a database for your application.
dnf install -y mariadb-server mariadb mariadb-devel
- Start and enable mariadb.
systemctl start mariadb systemctl enable mariadb
- Secure your MariaDB installation with command.
- Install the mysql2 extension to be your application adapter.
gem install mysql2
Create Rails Application
- Create a new application .
rails new unixcop -d mysql
- Be patient till the installation finishes.
- Edit your app’s database configuration config/database.yml file.
- Update the database username and password as shown below:
- Create the database.
Validate your Application
- Go to the application directory.
- Start your rails application with command:
rails server -b 0.0.0.0
- Visit your Rails application with the URL in your web browser.
http://localhost:3000 OR http://IP_address:3000
That’s All. You have successfully installed on Ruby on Rails on CentOS / RHEL 8. Thank you.