Mel
Melhttps://unixcop.com
Unix/Linux Guru and FOSS supporter

How to install Virtual hosts on apache (Centos8)

What is Apache ?

The Apache webserver is an opensource and popular HTTP web server that continues to enjoy a massive market share in the hosting industry. It ships with loads of features including module enhancements, multi-protocol support, simplified configuration, and multi-language support to mention just a few.

How To Install Apache on Centos 8 ?

You just need to update your current system and use dnf package manager for installing using the following commands

$ sudo dnf update
$ sudo dnf install httpd
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Validation

You can use rpm -qa <package name > for validation

Starting the Apache Server

sudo systemctl start httpd
sudo systemctl status httpd

From the output, the ‘active‘ status indicates that the Apache webserver is up and running.

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Validation

From any browser , you can issue http://<Listening_IP_Address> or http://hostname

Setting Up Apache Virtual Hosts

A virtual host is a separate file that contains configurations that allow you to set up a separate domain from the default one. For this guide, we will set up a virtual host for the domain alfa.unixcop.com/

The default virtual host is located at the /var/www/html directory. This works only for a single site. To create a separate virtual host for our domain, we will create another directory structure within the /var/www directory as shown.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/alfa.unixcop.com

Next, edit the file permissions use the $USER environment variable as shown.

sudo chown -R $USER:$USER /var/www/alfa.unixcop.com/html

Also, adjust the permissions of the webroot directory as shown.

sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www

Next, create a sample index.html file using the following command.

sudo vi /var/www/alfa.unixcop.com/html/index.html
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Welcome to Alfa.unixcop.com!</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1>virtual host is up and perfectly working!</h1>
  </body>
</html>

Save and exit the configuration file.

Next, we need to create alfa.unixcop.com.conf as the configuration file for the virtual host using the following

cd /etc/httpd/conf.d/
sudo vi alfa.unixcop.com.conf

and add below :

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName www.alfa.unixcop.com
    ServerAlias alfa.unixcop.com
    DocumentRoot /var/www/alfa.unixcop.com/html
</VirtualHost>

Restart Apache for the changes to be applied.

$ sudo systemctl restart httpd

Last thing , you need to open any browser and issue http://alfa.unixcop.com

1 COMMENT

  1. I am trying to create virtual host and I following your post but I’m don’t succeeding to load my .war in browser, can you help me?

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