Mel
Melhttps://unixcop.com
Unix/Linux Guru and FOSS supporter

How to install Virtual host on Nginx Centos 8

What is Nginx ?

Nginx (Engine X) is a most popular, powerful and high-performance open-source HTTP web server and reverse proxy server with a scalable event-driven (asynchronous) architecture. It can also be used as a load balancer, mail proxy, and HTTP cache due to its speed, stability, feature-rich set, easy configuration, and low resource utilization.

How To Install Nginx on Centos 8 ?

dnf install nginx

Run and enable nginx service

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systemctl start nginx
systemctl enable nginx
systemctl status nginx

From the output, the ‘active‘ status indicates that the Apache webserver is up and running.

Setting Up Nginx Virtual Hosts:

  1. Create an Nginx Document Root Directory

A virtual host is a separate file that contains configurations that allow you to set up a separate domain from the default one. For this guide, we will set up a virtual host for the domain alfa.unixcop.com/

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sudo mkdir -p /var/www/alfa.unixcop.com/html

Next, edit the file permissions use the $USER environment variable as shown.

sudo chown -R $USER:$USER /var/www/alfa.unixcop.com/html

Next, assign the right directory permissions recursively as shown:

sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/alfa.unixcop.com/html

2. Create a Sample Page for the Domain

sudo vim  /var/www/alfa.unixcop.com/html/index.html

Inside the file, paste the following sample content.

<html>
  <head>
    <title>Welcome to Alfa.unixcop.com!</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1>virtual host is up and perfectly working!</h1>
  </body>
</html>

3. Create an Nginx Virtual Host in CentOS

sudo vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/alfa.unixcop.com.conf

and add below

server {
        listen 80;
        listen [::]:80;

        root /var/www/alfa.unixcop.com/html;
        index index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;

        server_name alfa.unixcop.com www.alfa.unixcop.com;

        location / {
                try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
        }

		
    access_log /var/log/nginx/alfa.unixcop.com.access.log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/alfa.unixcop.com.error.log;

}

To confirm that all Nginx configurations are sound and error-free, execute the command:

sudo nginx -t 

4. Restart Nginx

Restart Nginx server for the changes to be applied.

sudo systemctl restart nginx

Last thing , you need to open any browser and issue http://alfa.unixcop.com

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