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How to install NestaCMS on Ubuntu or Debian Server

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This post is about How to install NestaCMS on Ubuntu or Debian Server

NestaCMS is an open-source, markdown content management system. It’s developed on Ruby and based on Sinatra Web Framework. It makes easier to develop static design websites. It does not require a database every content is stored in text files. The posts are or content is processed and converted into static HTML Files.

Requirements :

  • 1GB or more RAM (Depending upon the usage)
  • 1-2vCore CPU (The more the better)
  • 5GB of Disk Space
  • Ubuntu 16.04 or greater or Debian 9 or greater

Step 1 : Updating your server

First step is to update your server and look for any newer packages and security releases for your distribution

apt-get update -y
apt-get upgrade -y

Step 2 : Installing Yarn & Ruby

NestaCMS is based on Ruby so we will first install it using rbenv. Run the following commands to install Ruby and Yarn :

curl -sS https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian/pubkey.gpg | sudo apt-key add –

echo “deb https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian/ stable main” | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yarn.list

Now update the server and install some required dependencies :

apt-get update

apt-get install yarn zlib1g-dev build-essential libpq-dev libssl-dev libreadline-dev libyaml-dev libsqlite3-dev sqlite3 libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev software-properties-common libffi-dev

Run the following commands to configure rbenv through which we will be using it to install Ruby :

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cd ~/
git clone https://github.com/rbenv/rbenv.git ~/.rbenv
echo 'export PATH="$HOME/.rbenv/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.bashrc
echo 'eval "$(rbenv init -)"' >> ~/.bashrc
exec $SHELL

git clone https://github.com/rbenv/ruby-build.git ~/.rbenv/plugins/ruby-build
echo 'export PATH="$HOME/.rbenv/plugins/ruby-build/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.bashrc
exec $SHELL

Run the following command to install the latest version of Ruby (By now its 3.1.1) Check this website to check the latest version

rbenv install --verbose 3.1.1
rbenv global 3.1.1

Check the installed version of ruby to make sure its fully installed:

ruby -v

You should get the following output :

Step 3 : Installing NodeJS

Ruby is now fully installed, Now its time to install NodeJS on our server. First we will need its repository key!

curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_14.x | sudo -E bash –
apt-get install nodejs

Step 4 : Install NestaCMS

Now we can continue installing the CMS. Run the following commands to install

gem install nesta
gem install bundler
nesta new nestacms

cd ~/nestacms

bundle install
nesta demo:content
bundle exec mr-sparkle config.ru

You will see the following output :

That means your NestaCMS is fully working and ready for use at port 8080

Access it at http://localhost:8080

Conclusion:

You have installed NestaCMS on your Ubuntu/Debian Server. This tutorial assumes that you are root!

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