How to enable mod_headers on Apache Web server?

Hello, friends. In this post, you will learn how to enable mod_headers on Apache web server. The tutorial is intended for Debian / Ubuntu or some derivatives of these. Let’s go.

Introduction

According to the information provided by Apache

This module provides directives to control and modify HTTP request and response headers.

One of the most basic reasons to enable this module is to avoid a 500 error when modifying request headers.

One thing to keep in mind is that in Debian and Ubuntu, although it is included in an installation, it will not be enabled. Fortunately, we will be able to activate it manually, but it is possible that someone may not notice it.

On the other hand, in distributions like RHEL and derivatives, this module comes loaded at once, so you will be able to use it immediately.

Let’s go for it.

Install Apache2 on Debian / Ubuntu

The first thing to do is to install Apache web server. This, in case you don’t already have it on your system. Open a terminal or connect via SSH to your server and install it.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Then, install it with the following command

sudo apt install apache2

Normally, you will want it to run at system startup

sudo systemctl enable apache2

And then you should check the status of the server

systemctl status apache2

You will get an output screen like this

Apache web server status
Apache web server status

Of course, open ports 80 and 443 so it can work.

sudo ufw allow 80
sudo ufw allow 443
sudo ufw reload

Now yes, open a web browser and go to http://your-server You will see a screen like this

Apache web server running
Apache web server running

Yes, Apache web server is running.

How to enable mod_headers on Apache web server

Enabling this module is relatively simple. To enable it, you can run.

sudo a2enmod headers
Enabling module headers.
To activate the new configuration, you need to run:
  systemctl restart apache2

Of course, to apply the changes you’ll have to restart apache

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Now, check if the module is working properly

sudo apachectl -M | headers

And you should have a screen output like this

Enable mod_headers on Apache
Enable mod_headers on Apache

This indicates that the module is enabled and working properly.

Conclusion

The headers module is important if you want to avoid some server errors. This way, it becomes easy to use and enable.

Angelo
Angelo
I am Angelo. A systems engineer passionate about Linux and all open-source software. Although here I'm just another member of the family.

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