Hello, friends. In this post, we will show you how to use the mysqldump command. This command allows you to back up your MySQL / MariaDB databases rapidly.
What is the mysqldump command
The mysqldump command is a tool included in MySQL / MariaDB that allows us to perform and restore backups of entire databases.
As you can imagine, this tool is basic for almost any situation where we use MySQL / MariaDB. Besides this, it has a very high importance in database management at a professional level.
This utility is already included with the installation of a MySQL / MariaDB server, so we will not have to install anything additional.
Remember that the purpose of this post is not to compare mysqldump with other professional tools, but rather to highlight this command as a basic utility that can do the job.
So let’s go for it.
Backup your databases with mysqldump
This command is used to back up databases. And we will give you, in this post, several examples, so you can get to know the potential of the tool.
If you want to back up a single database, then you have to run.
mysqldump -u [user] -p [database-name] > [file]
mysqldump -u root -p cars > bak.sql
The above command will backup the
cars database and store it in a file named
bak.sql. It is not necessary that the user
root is in charge of the backup, for that, you can also use a user with permissions on the database.
You can also back up many databases at once. To do this, run.
mysqldump -u [user] -p --databases [database1] [database2] [...] > [file].sql
mysqldump -u root -p --databases cars students > bak.sql
This command backs up the
students databases to the
Another option is to make mysqldump backup all the databases at once thanks to the
mysqldump -u root -p --all-databases > backup.sql
On the other hand, many users require backing up only one or many tables of a database. The syntax would be:
mysqldump -u root -p [database] [table1] [table2] > [file].sql
mysqldump -u root -p cars model > bak.sql
This will back up in a
bak.sql file the content of the
model table of the
If you want to back up only the structure and not the data, add the option
mysqldump -u root -p --no-data cars > file.sql
Or just the data without structure with
mysqldump -u root -p --no-create-info cars > file.sql
Restore databases with mysqldump
To restore a database from a backup, you have to use this syntax.
mysql -u root -p [database] < [file].sql
For example, to restore the
mysql -u root -p cars < bak.sql
This is how easy it is to use this tool.
In this post, you learned how to use the mysqldump command that allows us to back up our database made with MySQL / MariaDB.
I hope you liked it.